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Part 2: Expense Measures (continued)

Immigration and Border Protection

A Streamlined Pathway to Permanent Residence for New Zealand Citizens

Expense ($m)
2015‑16 2016‑17 2017‑18 2018‑19 2019‑20
Department of Human Services 0.6 .. .. ..
Department of Immigration and Border Protection 0.4 0.1
Department of Health 0.2 0.4 0.6
Department of Employment 0.2
Department of Social Services ‑9.7 ‑24.8 ‑34.2
Total — Expense 1.0 ‑9.5 ‑24.4 ‑33.5
Department of Immigration and Border Protection - - - - -
Department of Immigration and Border Protection 1.1 0.2

The Government will be providing a streamlined pathway to permanent residence for New Zealand Special Category Visa holders.

From 1 July 2017, New Zealand citizens will be eligible for the pathway if they were a resident in Australia on 19 February 2016 and, at the time of application, have lived here for at least five years and earned income of at least the Temporary Skilled Migration Income Threshold (currently $53,000 p.a.) over the qualifying period.

Further information can be found in the joint press release of 19 February 2016 issued by the Prime Minister and the Minister for Immigration and Border Protection.

Asylum Seeker Support — additional funding

Expense ($m)
2015‑16 2016‑17 2017‑18 2018‑19 2019‑20
Department of Immigration and Border Protection 39.8

The Government will provide an additional $39.8 million in 2016‑17 to fund the provision of asylum seeker assistance to support eligible non‑Illegal Maritime Arrivals while their immigration status is resolved.

This measure builds on the 2015‑16 MYEFO measure titled Asylum Seeker Support — additional funding.

Australian Trusted Trader Programme

Expense ($m)
2015‑16 2016‑17 2017‑18 2018‑19 2019‑20
Department of Immigration and Border Protection 11.6 17.4 18.1 16.6
Department of Immigration and Border Protection
Department of Immigration and Border Protection 4.8 2.5 ‑0.1 ‑0.9

The Government will provide $69.9 million over four years from 2016‑17 (including $6.3 million in capital funding) to deliver an Australian Trusted Trader Programme, which will provide accreditation to eligible businesses who are assessed as low‑risk. Under this programme, trusted businesses will be able to access trade benefits such as reduced levels of inspections and reporting requirements, and expedited border clearances. This will allow the Department of Immigration and Border Protection to allocate a higher proportion of its resources to higher risk transactions.

In addition, from 2017‑18, traders will be able to pay customs duty monthly rather than per import consignment. In underlying cash terms, this deferral of customs duty is estimated to defer $70.0 million of tax receipts to beyond the forward estimates period.

Accredited exporters will also benefit from Mutual Recognition Arrangements with other countries which, once agreed, will facilitate the passage of goods through those countries' borders.

The costs of the programme will be funded from the 2015‑16 Budget measure titled Cost Recovery — licensing and import processing.

This measure builds on the 2014‑15 Budget measure titled Smaller Government — strengthen and enhance Australia's border protection services.

Further information can be found in the press release of 29 April 2016 issued by the Minister for Immigration and Border Protection.

Combating People Smuggling — international engagement

Expense ($m)
2015‑16 2016‑17 2017‑18 2018‑19 2019‑20
Department of Immigration and Border Protection 4.5 4.6

The Government will provide $9.1 million over two years from 2016‑17 for international engagement activities to prevent and disrupt maritime people smuggling.

Australian Border Force officials within the Department of Immigration and Border Protection will continue to be stationed in Indonesia, Malaysia and Sri Lanka, to assist border agencies in source and transit countries to better address the threat of people smuggling.

This measure extends the 2015‑16 Budget measure titled National Security — combating people smuggling — international engagement.

Coordination and Outreach Migration Management Support — continuation

Expense ($m)
2015‑16 2016‑17 2017‑18 2018‑19 2019‑20
Department of Immigration and Border Protection 2.2

The Government will provide $2.2 million in 2016‑17 to continue funding the International Organization for Migration (IOM) to maintain outreach offices across Indonesia. The IOM offices assist the Indonesian Government to monitor migration flows and coordinate its responses to irregular maritime activity.

Onshore Immigration Detention Network — consolidation

Expense ($m)
2015‑16 2016‑17 2017‑18 2018‑19 2019‑20
Department of Immigration and Border Protection 1.6 9.8 ‑6.8 ‑24.0 ‑38.0
Department of Immigration and Border Protection nfp

The Government will achieve efficiencies of $68.2 million over five years from 2015‑16 by closing the Perth Immigration Residential Housing and the Maribyrnong and Blaxland Immigration Detention Centres. Further, the lease for the Wickham Point facility will not be renewed past its current expiry date in November 2016. Savings of $10.8 million over four years have already been provided for by the Government.

These closures will bring the number of detention facilities closed since 2013 to 17 as a result of the detention population reducing from around 6,400 in September 2013, to fewer than 1,700 in April 2016.

In addition, the North West Point facility on Christmas Island will be put into contingency from 1 January 2018, joining the Phosphate Hill and Construction Camp facilities, which were put into contingency in 2015‑16.

This measure will also raise revenue from the sale of Commonwealth owned land at Maribyrnong and Villawood. The revenue from this measure is not for publication (nfp) due to commercial confidentiality reasons.

This measure builds on the 2015‑16 MYEFO measure titled Management of the Onshore Immigration Detention Network.

See also the related capital measure titled Onshore Immigration Detention Network — enhancement in the Immigration and Border Protection portfolio.

Reforming the Visa and Migration Framework

Expense ($m)
2015‑16 2016‑17 2017‑18 2018‑19 2019‑20
Department of Immigration and Border Protection ‑20.0 ‑70.0 ‑90.0

The Government will achieve efficiencies of $180.0 million over three years from 2017‑18 by reforming the visa and migration framework, improving automation in visa processing, providing self service options and using more sophisticated assessment capabilities.

The savings from this measure will be redirected by the Government to fund policy priorities within the portfolio.

Regional Cooperation Arrangements — continuation

Expense ($m)
2015‑16 2016‑17 2017‑18 2018‑19 2019‑20
Department of Immigration and Border Protection 55.4

The Government will provide $55.4 million in 2016‑17 to continue funding the Regional Cooperation Arrangements (RCA) in Indonesia. The RCA supports regional partners to manage their asylum seeker populations.

This measure extends the 2014‑15 Budget measure titled Regional Cooperation Arrangements — additional funding.

Regional Support Office — continuation

Expense ($m)
2015‑16 2016‑17 2017‑18 2018‑19 2019‑20
Department of Immigration and Border Protection

The Government will provide $1.3 million annually to continue funding the activities of the Regional Support Office (RSO). The RSO supports the Bali Process on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime and Regional Cooperation Framework to reduce irregular migration in the Asia Pacific region.

The cost of this measure will be met from within the existing resources of the Department of Immigration and Border Protection.

This measure builds on the 2015‑16 Budget measure titled National Security — Regional Support Office — additional funding.

Supporting Regional Processing Arrangements — additional funding

Expense ($m)
2015‑16 2016‑17 2017‑18 2018‑19 2019‑20
Department of Immigration and Border Protection 61.5

The Government will provide an additional $61.5 million in 2016‑17 to support the operation of regional processing centres and settlement outcomes. This includes the payment of increased taxes and charges.

This measure builds on the 2015‑16 MYEFO measure titled Refugee Resettlement Arrangements for Illegal Maritime Arrivals in Regional Processing Centres — additional funding.

Unaccompanied Humanitarian Minors — additional funding

Expense ($m)
2015‑16 2016‑17 2017‑18 2018‑19 2019‑20
Department of Immigration and Border Protection 7.4 4.7

The Government will provide an additional $12.1 million in 2016‑17 and 2017‑18 for the supervision and welfare of unaccompanied humanitarian minors (UHMs).

The UHM Programme provides settlement services to non‑citizens under the age of 18 years who arrive in Australia without a guardian, and who are the recipient of a Humanitarian visa.

This measure builds on the 2014‑15 Budget measure titled Unaccompanied humanitarian minors — additional funding.