Notes to the financial statements
Note 1: External reporting standards and accounting policies
The Charter of Budget Honesty Act 1998 requires that the final budget outcome be based on external reporting standards and that departures from applicable external reporting standards be identified.
The financial statements included in this section of the final budget outcome have been prepared on an accrual basis in accordance with applicable Australian Accounting Standards (AAS), being the Australian Equivalents to International Financial Reporting Standards (AEIFRS) and AAS 31 Financial Reporting by Governments (AAS 31).
AAS requires governments to prepare accrual based general purpose financial reports. This means that assets, liabilities, income and expenses are recorded in financial statements when transactions have an economic impact on the government, rather than when the cash flow associated with these transactions occurs. Consistent with AAS, an income statement, a balance sheet, a statement of changes in equity and a cash flow statement have been prepared for the year ended 30 June 2007.
The accounting policies in this part are generally consistent with the accounting policies in AAS. While the scope for financial reporting recommended in AAS 31 is the whole of government (that is, the Australian Government public sector), in accordance with the Charter of Budget Honesty Act 1998, the presentation of financial outcomes in Part 3 covers the general government sector only.
AAS would suggest the gross amount of goods and services tax (GST) be included in the Australian Government's financial statements. However, under the Intergovernmental Agreement on the Reform of Commonwealth-State Financial Relations, GST is collected by the Australian Taxation Office as an agent for the States and Territories (the States), and appropriated to the States. Therefore, GST cash flows and any accrued GST revenues and associated payments to the States are not recorded in the financial statements.
The new AEIFRS standard relating to superannuation is AASB 119 Employee Benefits. The standard requires the government bond rate at balance date to be referenced when valuing the superannuation liability, with the relevant bond yield to match the term of the liability. However, the longest maturing government bond is only 10 years, significantly shorter than the term of the superannuation liability. Therefore, in applying this standard for budgets and outcomes, a longer term rate of 6 per cent as determined by actuaries has been adopted to discount the liability rather than the 10 year government bond rate (6.4 per cent at 30 June 2007). Guidance has been sought from the Australian Accounting Standards Board to clarify the differing interpretations in applying AASB 119 for outcomes.
Note 2: Reconciliation of cash
Note 2(a): Consolidated Revenue Fund
The cash balance reflected in the balance sheet for the Australian Government general government sector (Table 28) includes the reported cash balances controlled and administered by Australian Government agencies subject to the Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997 and the reported cash balances controlled and administered by entities subject to the Commonwealth Authorities and Companies Act 1997 (CAC Act), that implement public policy through the provision of primarily non-market services.
Revenues or monies raised by the Executive Government automatically form part of the Consolidated Revenue Fund by force of section 81 of the Australian Constitution. For practical purposes, total Australian Government general government sector cash, less cash controlled and administered by CAC Act entities, plus special public monies, represents the Consolidated Revenue Fund referred to in section 81 of the Australian Constitution. On this basis, the balance of the Consolidated Revenue Fund is shown below.
Note 3: Income taxation revenue
Note 4: Indirect taxation revenue
Note 5: Interest and dividend revenue
- Under AEIFRS HELP and other student loans are now reported at fair value. Any changes in fair value are reported under other gains.
Note 6: Other sources of non-taxation revenue
Note 7: Employees expenses
- Salaries and wages do not include superannuation.
Note 8: Suppliers expenses
Note 9: Depreciation and amortisation expenses
Note 10: Other goods and services expenses
Note 11: Grants expenses
Note 12: Receivables
Note 13: Total non-financial assets
Note 14: Employee and superannuation liabilities
Note 15: Grants payable
Note 16: Taxation receipts — cash